**Deductive reasoning skills
allow children to
make
an assumption
based on facts given in a problem and using the same assumption to derive a solution.**

An example of a Deductive
Reasoning question is as follows:

Farmer
Bill has a total of 8 ducks and sheep in his farm.

They
have 20 legs in all.

Find
the number of ducks Farmer Bill has.

A child **WITHOUT **deductive
reasoning skills:

Will try to guess and check

Many children are taught to guess and check to find the answer during their lower primary years.

This way of finding the solution is correct but it is usually time consuming and especially when the ratio is far from 1:1.

But when they progress to the upper primary years, such question would require them to find what is in a bigger figure number and more variables, and yet, they continue to use the same guess and check method to find the answer. And that is why children normally will get stuck, and due to time constraint, they will not be able to complete the guessing.

A child **WITH **deductive
reasoning skills:

Will make an assumption and then derive a
solution

Draw a diagram

Step 1 : Draw circles to represent the total number of animals

Make an assumption: Assume all animals are ducks

Step 2 : Add in 2 legs for each head (A duck has 2 legs)

Deduce the solution: Use the remaining legs to transform a duck into a sheep

Step 3 : Use the remaining legs to transform a duck into a sheep (Use the remaining 4 legs to transform 2 ducks into 2 sheeps)

Step 4 : Label the animals.

**Cleverly builds deductive reasoning to students in their lower primary years such that when they are challenged with questions of higher difficulty in their upper primary years, they will be able to think and derive the solution effectively.**